Articles & Research


Digital and Media Literacy: A Plan of ActionThe Knight Commission recognized that people need tools, skills and understanding to use information effectively, and that successful participation in the digital age entails two kinds of skills sets: digital literacy and media literacy.

Informing the news: the need for knowledge based reporting
The essay is developed from the new book Informing the News: The Need for Knowledge-Based Journalism, which serves as companion to Journalist’s Resource and represents an articulation of the project’s mission to help the news media transition to a new phase in their 21st-century development.

Innovation in Hybrid Spaces: A 2011 UN Climate Summit and the Expanding Journalism Landscape
As the digital age empowers more individuals and NGO groups to produce their own “media,” traditional journalism is struggling to adapt to its reduced role in the new information ecosystem and to the new norms that are challenging the limits and ideals of traditional “objectivity.

Mapping media education policies in the world: visions, programmes and challenges
This publication, produced jointly by UNESCO and the UN Alliance of Civilizations, offers a comprehensive approach to media education and will serve as a trusted reference for anyone looking for information on best practices on the subject.

Measuring media literacy
The Media Education Lab at the University of Rhode Island was founded by Renee Hobbs, a pioneering leader in media education, and is designed to improve media literacy education through scholarship and community service.

Measuring news media literacy:  How knowledge and motivations combine to create news-literate teens
In this study, distinguished scholars in the field of news literacy investigate how knowledge and motivations combine to create news-literate teens.

Misinformation and its correction: Continued influence and successful debiasing
This study focuses on how misinformation originates and spreads, why it is difficult to correct, and how best to counteract it.

Online information, credibility and the “Google generation”: Research, tips and resources
Most research shows that when it comes to seeking credible information, young people often fall short. Educators note that students sometimes have a hard time distinguishing between commercially influenced sites and peer-reviewed academic journals, for example. They also see many young people whose patience with the search process can quickly run thin.


Academic research and studies: How they work and why journalists should care
In a world overflowing with information of uncertain quality, it’s hard to find knowledge that is as unbiased, thoughtful and reliable as that contained in the best academic studies. This is why journalists should be familiar with how to read them. Studies can provide a baseline of solid fact where reporting can begin.

Ask, Don’t Tell: Pedagogy for Media Literacy Education in the Next Decade
Rogow outlines why there has been a slow embrace of media literacy education in U.S. public schools.

Bringing the World to School: Integrating News and Media Literacy into Elementary Classrooms
David Cooper Moore looks at a multifaceted program to integrate news and current events into in-school and after-school programs for K-6 schools.

Can a Democracy Survive without Reliable Information?
Alan Miller’s article focuses on the News Literacy Project, a program in the U.S. that gives students the skills to to access the reliability and credibility of news information.

Changing Technology = Empowering Students Through Media Literacy Education
This article seeks to contribute to the case for media literacy education at a time when digital technologies are overflowing in
schools, homes and globally as means for empowering digital students.

Developing a News Media Literacy Scale
Using a framework previously applied to other areas of media literacy, this study developed and assessed a measurement scale focused specifically on critical news media literacy.

Developmentally Appropriate New Media Literacies: Supporting Cultural Competencies and Social Skills in Early Childhood Education
Alper posits that young children explore their world through manipulatives, playing with “technology” that may or may not be digital. To this end, she offers an exploration into how the existing framework of the New Media Literacies (NMLs) paradigm set forth by Henry Jenkins (2006) in “Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century” might be applicable to early childhood education.

Empowering Learners with Digital and Media Literacy
The article looks at the factors to consider for the acquisition of digital and media literacy competencies in the U.S.

Faith-Based Media Literacy Education: A Look at the Past with an Eye Toward the Future
This article addresses several fundamental questions about faith-based media literacy education in the United States, including how the assumptions, motivations, goals and pedagogy of those Christians who are operating within a media literacy framework come together to create a unique approach to teaching media literacy.

Five Trends in Youth Media
The authors discuss five trends in the field of youth media, with particular focus on innovative projects that help establish youth media in the U.S.

Framing the Future of Fan-Fiction: How “The New York Times” Portrayal of a Youth Media Subculture Influences Beliefs about Media Literacy Education
This article discusses how online fan-fiction communities, their members and their literacy practices are portrayed within popular and news media discourses. Many media literacy scholars believe these youth media subcultures practice complex and sophisticated forms of “new media” literacy.

From Information Reserve to Media Literacy Learning Commons: Revisiting the 21st Century Library as the Home for Media Literacy Education
This article will outline a framework for the media literacy learning commons designed to help students navigate information in a
digital age.

Fuzzy Logic: Why Schools Need News and Information Literacy Skills
Debora Cheney offers her insights on the significance of reliable skills for navigation of mass information to students for their studies. She also states that the lack of skills to search mass information can make locating appropriate information difficult, especially for information that is considered essential to fulfill civic duties and long-term learning needs.

Gaming Education Reform: Put Down Your Pencils and Play
The popularity and increasing innovation of video game play is providing a new and surprisingly fresh framework for policy discussions about education reform.

Half of Civics Teachers Devote Little Time to News Literacy, Study Finds

Harvard’s Tom Patterson on knowledge-based journalism (videos)
Professor Patterson discusses refocusing the press on knowledge, media problems and the public interest and the internet, globalization and the media future.

Information Literacy in the Study of American Politics: Using New Media to Teach Information Literacy in the Political Science Classroom
This article investigates the perils and promise of the new media landscape via a case study of a political science classroom at the College of Staten Island, City University of New York (CUNY).

Issues to Consider When Implementing Digital and Media Literacy ProgramsThis piece looks at five key challenges that educators and community leaders must consider in implementing programs of digital and media literacy including expanding the concept of literacy, addressing risks associated with media and digital technology and bringing news and current events to K-12 educators.

How we read, not what we read, may be contributing to our information overload
A news app or mobile site, for instance, is an isolated experience that emphasizes reading with minimal links or other distractions. Compared with reading on the web at your computer, your options seem smaller.

J-Schools, High Schools, and Youth Media: Bringing Journalism Back into the Classroom
The article discusses the partnership between universities, high schools and youth media educators in the U.S. The partnerships tend to encourage youth marginalized by news media to apply their vital faculties in creating media vehicles for a wider community.

Leap of Faith: Inside the Movement to Build an Audience of Citizens
A look at the news literacy movement.

Letter from the Guest Editor
Dean Miller offers his insights on the promotion of youth media literacy programs and civic engagement using news literacy.

Linking Learning: Connecting Traditional and Media Literacies in the 21st Century Learning
Despite decades of work to include media literacy education in academic learning (Hobbs and Jensen 2009), Young describes how the American education system continues to emphasize its focus on testing of traditional literacy.

Media Education in the University: Enhancing Media Literary through First Year Undergraduate Coursework
Williamson’s piece provides a case study of a first-year university subject designed to assist the development of media literacy. The context is one of ongoing debate about the purpose and role of media courses.

Media Literacy and Media Bias: Are Media Literacy Students Less Susceptible to Nonverbal Judgment Biases?
Past research has shown that people judge a TV interviewee more favorably when the interviewer’s nonverbal behavior toward the
interviewee is friendly rather than hostile. This study examined whether students who participated in a media literacy course could be less susceptible to this media bias.

Media Literacy Education: On the Move
Margaret Hagood’s brief retrospective analysis on the future of media literacy education in schools.

Media Literacy Education from Kindergarten to College: A Comparison of How Media Literacy is Addressed Across the Educational System
A piece by Hans Schmidt on the study of media literacy education at all levels of the education system.

Media Literacy Training Reduces Perception of Bias
Researchers found those exposed to a media literacy presentation were less likely to perceive a story on a controversial issue to be biased.

Media Literacy: Empowering Youth Worldwide
A report examining how media literacy education for youth can help prepare children and young adults for lives of active inquiry and give them a better understanding of the ties between information, community, and democracy. The report delves into the resources needed by schools and the expertise and training needed by educators to teach media literacy. This report is the third in a series of three on the status of U.S. and international understanding of and funding for media literacy.

Media Literacy: Citizen Journalists
Citizen journalists are quickly becoming a potent force for creating, supporting, and building open and democratic societies. Yet they often have no formal training or understanding of the essential roles independent media play in ensuring accountable and transparent government. Training is needed to help citizen journalists learn and adopt standards of fairness, accuracy, and ethics. This report is the second in a series of three on the status of U.S. and international understanding of and funding for media literacy.

Media Literacy, Congratualtions! Now, the Next Step
This essay discusses the growing recognition of media literacy education’s part in the preparation of citizens and the need for more media literacy programs within K-12 schools

Media Literacy: Good News
This article looks at the importance of media literacy to students and how teachers should teach their students how to deconstruct media.

Media Literacy: Understanding the News
This report examines efforts to promote public understanding of the role of media in a democracy, as well as give the public the skills they need to analyze and participate in the news process. The report is part of a three-part series looking at media literacy trends around the world and was commissioned by the Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA) at the National Endowment for Democracy (NED).

News Literacy: A News Lens for Youth MediaIn this piece, scholar Katina Paron examines how the trend of teaching news literacy to youth is expanding across the country.

News Literacy in High School and Middle Grades: Why We Need it Now More than Ever Before
Stephen Shultz looks at the importance of teaching news literacy in high school and middle schools across the nation.

New Media Literacy Education: A Developmental Approach
Graber believes that Waldorf-inspired schools might have a successful formula for the development of ethical thinking and new media literacy

Reconceptualizing Media Literacy in the Social Studies: A Pragmatist Critique of the NCSS Position Statement on Media Literacy
The National Council for the Social Studies Position Statement on Media Literacy argues that media literacy can facilitate participatory democracy if students’ interest in media is harnessed. The authors’ pragmatist reconceptualization examines media not only as transmission, but also as a space where common meanings are constructed.

Reflections on Global Developments in Media Literacy: Bridging Theory and Practice
The authors offer their reflection on the opportunities and challenges faced by media literacy educators as they continue to build a global community network.

Teach Media Literacy
Making media literacy a feature of public education.

Teaching Journalism and News Literacy
Esther Wojcicki writes about the significant role of news literacy in the field of journalism.

The Coming Age of Media Literacy
This emphasizes the potential for media literacy education to contribute to democratic education.

The Pedagogy of Critical Enjoyment: Teaching and Reaching the Hearts and Minds of Adolescent Learners Through Media Literacy Education
This study analyzes three veteran teachers’ media literacy practice identifying critical enjoyment as a fresh approach to media literacy education that moves beyond the purposes of protection, preparation, and appreciation.

The Re-Politicalization of Media Literacy Education
Thevenin describes how, despite the efforts made by the media literacy movement in the U.S. to institute media education as a means of addressing social issues, there still exists the potential for a more politically empowering media literacy education.

The State of Media Literacy: A Response to Potter
Hobbs writes that Potter’s essay on the state of media literacy purports to represent the current state of the field, but omits much of the innovative work that has emerged in the last 10 years from scholars across the fields of communication, education, and public health.

Understanding News Literacy: A Youth Media Perspective
This article offers the authors’ insights on the need to teach youth news literacy amid the rise of digital media. The authors say that such an effort will help young people discern verifiability, reliability and transparency of news reports and their sources.

Using “The Daily Show” to Promote Media Literacy
The authors describe how “The Daily Show” can be used to both highlight the relevance of content knowledge and to model a media critique that transcends a specific political orientation, which then provides students with a set of practices they can bring to the viewing of any news media presentation.

What “Dirty Dancing” Taught Me about Media Literacy Education
The author reflects on her youthful viewing of “Dirty Dancing” on video against her parents’ wishes as one example of the ineffectiveness of a protectionist approach to media. She offers ideas on how she and her students think through how to navigate selection of materials for effective media literacy education.

What is Big Data? Research Roundup and Reading List
Behind all of this, the researchers note with skepticism, is the ‘widespread belief that large data sets offer a higher form of intelligence and knowledge that can generate insights that were previously impossible, with the aura of truth, objectivity, and accuracy

Why Core Standards Must Embrace Media Literacy
While today’s young people may be awash in information from smartphones, the web and texting, they are not necessarily media- or digital-literate.

Why Every Student Should Learn the Skills of a Journalist
A conversation with Esther Wojcicki of Palo Alto (Calif.) High School about serving students and educators by helping them learn these tools instead of blocking or censoring them.

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